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The Van Diemen Box, Japan, 1636 -1639. Museum no. W.49-1916

The Van Diemen Box, Japan, 1636 - 1639. Museum no. W.49-1916

ファン・ディーメン箱、日本製、1636-1639、館蔵番号W.49-1916(画像をクリックすると拡大します)

V&A所蔵の関連日本輸出漆器

The Mazarin Chest belongs to a small group of extremely high quality export lacquer items made in Kyoto during the 1630s and early 1640s, several of which are owned by the V&A. The objects in this group share a number of characteristics including the use of geometric borders, ogival cartouches and subject matter alluding to the Tale of Genji, the Eight Views of the Xiaoxiang and the Eight Views of Omi.

マザラン・チェストは、1630年代から1640年代初期にかけて京都で制作されたきわめて高品質の輸出漆器の小群に属します。そのうち数点はV&Aに所蔵されています。このグループに共通の特徴には、幾何学文や楕円形のカートーシェの使用、源氏物語、瀟湘八景、近江八景に取材した画題などがあげられます。

The decoration on these objects was executed using takamaki-e ('raised sprinkled picture') and other complex techniques involving the lavish use of gold, silver, mother-of-pearl and other materials. The group consists of nine objects, four of which are in the V&A. A number of other objects related to the group are also known. While they appear to have been made at about the same time, their quality is not as high.

このグループに属する漆器は、金銀、螺鈿や他の材料を贅沢に使った、高蒔絵をはじめとする複雑な技法で装飾されています。V&Aはその合計九点のうち四点を所蔵しています。この九点のグループ以外にも、大体同時期に作られたとされる類似品があることが知られていますが、品質的には劣っています。

Work of such exquisite quality as the Mazarin Chest could not have been realised without the involvement of the leading contemporary lacquer workshops of Kyoto, particularly those of the Igarashi and Koami families. There are unmistakable similarities between the Mazarin Chest and the famous Hatsune no Chodo, a sumptuous wedding set belonging to the Tokugawa Art Museum in Nagoya. This is recorded as having been made in the workshop of the tenth generation head of the Koami family, Koami Nagashige (1599-1651), between 1637 and 1639, and provides a useful indicator as to when the Mazarin Chest is likely to have been produced.

マザラン・チェストほどの質の高い作品の制作に、当時の京都の漆工房、特に五十嵐家や幸阿弥家が関わっていなかったとはまず考えられないことです。マザラン・チェストと、名古屋の徳川美術館所蔵の豪奢な婚礼調度の一式として名高い「初音の調度」とには明らかな類似点が見られます。この調度は1637年から1639年にかけて、幸阿弥家十代幸阿弥長重(1599-1651)の工房で制作された記録があり、このことが、マザラン・チェストの制作年推定の手がかりとなります。

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