Subjects for sculpture: portrait busts
Funerary monuments and portrait busts were the most common ways in which people were commemorated in sculpture. Sometimes the two were combined: a bust was placed on a funerary monument, or a copy of a bust on a church monument was displayed in the family house. The likeness might be taken from life or a death mask, or from some other source, such as a painting.
The way in which the male sitter was portrayed could signify his professional or aristocratic status; ancient Roman dress might imply his role in public life. Women were more rarely depicted, and often only in their role as the wife of an aristocratic husband.