Until about 1830, small pianos were shaped like rectangular boxes. In England they were known as &lsqou;square pianos’. By 1791 Francisco Flórez (died 1824) was the leading piano maker in Madrid. He had spent the previous two years in London, studying English piano-making methods. He fitted this instrument with an English action, but followed French fashions in decorating the case and legs in the Neo-classical style. Jean-Demosthène Dugourc (1749-1825), the favourite designer and supplier of luxury goods to Carlos IV of Spain (reigned 1788-1808), propagated this style in Spain.