A mason and stonecarvers at work

A mason and stonecarvers at work

Purchased from Mr Spence, Florence in 1862 for £10 10s

Original:

A mason and stonecarvers at work
Nanni di Banco (about 1370/80-1421)
Second decade of the 15th century
Marble
On the exterior of the church of Or San Michele, Florence, Italy

The original of this relief is set in the base of the niche containing 'Four Crowned Saints', executed for the ARTE DELLA PIETRA E DI. LEGNAME, The Guild of the Stonecarvers and Woodworkers.

The activities represented are, from left to right:
i. building a wall
ii. drilling the decoration of a twisted column
iii. measuring a carved capital
iv. using a pick to carve a putto

The tools hanging behind the four figures are, from left to right:
i. a braccio rule: a braccio, literally an arm, but signifying an arm's length, was a standard measure of slightly less than a yard.
ii. a plumb line and set square
iii. a pair of dividers
iv. a set square