Purchased from Leopoldo Arrighi in 1894 for £7 15s
First half of the 8th century
Parish church of Ruthwell, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
The cross is carved with representations of the head of St John, St Matthew, a perched eagle, and a half figure of an archer; on one face of the shaft, St John the Baptist, Christ in Majesty, St Paul, St Anthony, and the Flight into Egypt; on the opposite face, the Visitation, St Mary Magdalen anointing the feet of Christ, the Healing of the Blind Man, the Annunciation and the Crucifixion. There are inscriptions in Latin and runes, with lines related to the Anglo-Saxon poem The Dream of the Rood.