Topographical and measured drawings of 16th century brick chimneys
John Richard Stammers
Pen with brown washes on paper
RIBA No. PA182/5
In these drawings, architectural student Stammers analyses the design of 16th century brick chimneys in England; including one from Hampton Court Palace. Until the 14th century, chimneys were rare as houses were heated by a central hearth with smoke escaping through an opening in the roof. As it became more common for fireplaces to be built in other rooms, chimney stacks were built on the exterior of buildings and by the 16th century, these became a decorative feature that either appeared in single shafts or grouped together. Designs were varied with the shafts ranging in shape from cylinders to octagons, ornamented with zigzags, honeycomb patterns or twists.