Partially illustrated Sanskrit text with commentary
Handwritten on paper
Rajasthan, Western India
Museum no. IS.35:25-1971
A complete illustrated manuscript of the Samgrahanisutra or Sangrahanisutra, a Jain cosmographical text in Sanskrit composed in AD 1136 by Shrichandra Muni that includes Jain ideas about the structure of the universe and the mapping of space. The work is also named at the end as the Trailokya dipi, which is more usually applied to the Sangrahani Sutra of Jinabhadragani Kshamashramana, the earliest work of this class. The work is accompanied by an interlinear text in smaller devanagari script, which is possibly the commentary of Devabhadra. This manuscript is written on 56 oblong folios of paper. The copy is undated but appears to have been written and illustrated in Western India during the 18th century.
This folio (23) is an illustration of the lokapurusha or cosmic man with comments and numbers. The reverse side is text with a numerical table. The Jain cosmos is compared with the shape of a man and the three worlds are conceived within his frame. His head and upper part of the body represent the heavens, abode of the gods. The middle world, where humans dwell and the only region from which liberation can be obtained, is located at his narrow waist. Below the waist are the hells, shown broadest at the base of his tunic.