Owen Jones (1809-74)
Original drawing for The Grammar of Ornament
'Byzantine No. 3'
Pen and bodycolour
Museum no. 1603
Jones had not travelled to many of the countries from which he gathered examples for 'Grammar'. He therefore studied collections at institutions such as the Louvre, the British Museum and the South Kensington Museum. Later known as the V&A, the South Kensington Museum had evolved out of the Government School of Design and included objects from the 1851 Great Exhibition. Jones displayed a great sense of 'design democracy' in his studies for 'The Grammar of Ornament'. To illustrate his decoration principles he drew upon a wide range of source material. The pages of 'Grammar' include examples of architecture, metalwork, textiles, ceramics, manuscripts, woodwork and even plants from nature. This page from 'Grammar's' Byzantine chapter draws upon Greek manuscripts and French enamelled tombs.