Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-69)
'Our Lord Crucified between Two Thieves, 'The Three Crosses'
Begun 1653, reworked about 1660
Etching (Bartsch 78, State IV)
Museum no. CAI 637
Bequeathed by Constantine Alexander Ionides
About 1660 Rembrandt made extensive changes to this important plate, increasing the darkness and drama of the scene. In this richly worked fourth state he introduced the dominant figure of a mounted soldier, taking it from a Renaissance medal by Pisanello. This detail would have appealed to Ionides, who was collecting such medals around the time he acquired this print.