Decoration techniques: marusen, yorisen, ginbyo and hikkaki - 加飾技法:丸線、縒線、銀鋲、引掻き

Decoration techniques: marusen, yorisen, ginbyo and hikkaki - 加飾技法:丸線、縒線、銀鋲、引掻き

Short lengths of untwisted (marusen) and twisted (yorisen) gold and silver wire have been used for the railings and other details of buildings, bridges and boats, and also in the representation of natural features such as pine needles. Both marusen and yorisen are visible in this image, as is the use of silver sheet cut to shape to represent roof ridges. Small silver rivets (ginbyo) on the pine branches represent dew. These have been used extensively on many parts of the chest. Another technique seen in this image is hikkaki, meaning 'to scratch away'. This has been used on the windows of the building, which have been made to appear to glow through the application of transparent pale yellow lacquer (nashiji urushi).

金銀の線を縒らないものが丸線、縒ったものが縒線です。それらを短く切ったものが、欄干、建造物、橋、船などの細部や松葉などの自然描写に使われています。この写真では丸線と縒線の両方の使用が見られるほか、屋根の棟のかたちに切り取られた銀板が貼り付けられています。松の枝に付いた露は小さな銀鋲で表されています。銀鋲はチェストの各所で広範囲に使われています。さらに「削り落とす」という意味の引掻きという技法が、建物の窓のところに使われ、施された透明な梨地漆を通して仄々とした光の効果を出しています。