Queen Caroline. Museum nos. Loan:Gilbert.279-2008

Queen Caroline. Museum nos. Loan:Gilbert.279-2008

Queen Caroline
Enamel on copper in gold frame with ivory backing
Christian Friedrich Zincke (about 1683-1767)
England
About 1732
Museum nos. Loan:Gilbert.279-2008

The son of a Dresden goldsmith, Christian Freidrick Zincke was apprenticed to his father, and also studied painting. In 1706 he came to London to work at Charles Boit's studio, and when Boit left for France in 1714 it appears Zincke inherited many of his fashionable clients. He went on to become the most successful enamel painter of his era.

This enamel portrait was made in the same year that Zincke spent time at the English court drawing portraits of the royal family. It shows Queen Caroline (1683-1737), consort of George II (reigned 1727-60), in the same dress she wears in a full-scale painting by Kneller of 1716. This miniature closely relates to two in the Royal Collection. Zincke painted using existing portraits for reference, as in this case, but also paint from life. To create skin tones he used a stipple technique of tiny red dots, sometimes described as 'measles'.