Sandstone roundel, Jan van Schayck

Sandstone roundel, Jan van Schayck

Sandstone roundel
Jan van Schayck
Netherlands
About 1497
Museum no. A.16&:2-1945

This is one of four sandstone roundels carved with the symbols of the Evangelists. The Evangelists were Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, who wrote the four Gospels of the Bible. These conventions had been established in the Medieval period, and are found regularly in Romanesque and Gothic art. The roundels would have originally acted as roof bosses and probably decorated the vault of the library on the north side of Utrecht Cathedral. The winged ox shown in this roundel is the symbol or attribute commonly associated with St Luke. The early Christian church represented the evangelists as four winged creatures: St Matthew, an angel; St Mark, a lion and St John, an eagle.