There is a rich
tradition of storytelling throughout the different regions of India,
including in the Punjab. Many of the stories have been handed down generation
to generation through the oral tradition and reflect the many different
cultures, religions and languages of the continent. There are two main
types of stories although they are inter-connected: the classical epic,
myth or religious story and the folktale. The epic or myth may focus
on great heroes, religious teachers or important historical events.
The folktale will focus on the everyday, such as family problems and resolutions, and
overcoming childhood fears. In folk tales characters may
sneeze or sweat in contrast to the glorified heroes in classical stories.
Many Indian stories
have parallels with other stories from around the world although the
names and the settings can be typically Indian. Others may seem uniquely
Indian with an emphasis on the poor or the weak outwitting the more
powerful through cunning or clear reasoning. Characters are sometimes
portrayed as having magical powers and often have strong convictions
which drive them to win out against the odds.
Hard work by all
is praised and shown to lead to wealth and happiness. Other worthy qualities
are truthfulness, modesty loyalty, generosity and courage. Most tales
end happily with success coming to the more deserving.
your own story inspired by paintings and prints from the Panjab
and read stories written by others.