This cross has two bars. The smaller one represents the board that the Roman executioners sometimes nailed above a crucified man to record his crime. The board on Christ's cross read 'Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews'.
In the Catholic church the patriarchal cross is used by only three specially high-ranking archbishops, known as patriarchs.
- Reliquary in the form of a patriarchal cross
- Spain, about 1500
- Museum no. M.388-1956