Pillar and Whip
It was standard practice in Roman times to whip a criminal before nailing him to the cross. This stained glass panel shows Christ tied to a pillar while two soldiers beat him with knotted whips.
The pillar and whip are, therefore, symbols of Christ's suffering.
- Stained glass panel showing Christ being whipped
- France or England, about 1200-20
- Museum no. 5460-1858
He had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified.