Nails, Hammer, Ladder and Pincers
These are all symbols linked to Christ's death on the cross. The Roman soldiers used nails to fasten down his hands and feet, and a hammer to knock in the nails. After his death, Jesus's followers placed a ladder against the cross. They removed the nails with pincers and took down his body.
The foot of this chalice also shows the ladder, the pincers and two whips.
- Chalice with the ladder and other symbols on the foot
- Ireland, 1590
- Museum no. M.31-1929