Various forms of "electronic publishing" - including videodiscs, "floppy books", CD-ROMs, and the Internet - have become increasingly evident in the 1980s and 1990s. Some electronic publications are based upon information which was previously available in a linear form, and they represent a natural progression from computer typesetting or video. Others have been conceived specifically to exploit the potential offered by the new media. The method of presentation is crucial to the success (or otherwise) of these publications, and designers and publishers are still learning to use the new technology.
Renaissance masters 1.
One of a series entitled The electronic library of art, this CD-ROM includes images, text and sound, plus biographical information about the artists.
Microsoft Art Gallery.
This CD-ROM is based on the National Gallery's Micro Gallery and is also published in a Windows version, available for reference in the National Art Library.
Investigating 20th century art.
Over 150 works from the Tate Gallery are explored in some detail. The user can select individual works to hang in a "virtual" gallery.
This CD-ROM provides information on the life, times and works of 40 major European artists.
Using historical footage, interviews and animation, this CD-ROM traces the development of comic book art.
Many novels are now available in electronic form, published on floppy disk, CD-ROM or the internet. This is one of a series of Voyager Expanded Books.
This electronic publication contains the text and illustrations from Alice in Wonderland and Through the looking glass, with annotations by Martin Gardner.
"It's a sort of electronic book. It tells you everything you need to know about anything. That's its job." - Chapter 5.
The first Penguin novel to be published with accompanying floppy disks, this electronic edition includes additional documentation and a video of the author introducing his work.
Sony Data Discman.
The Data Discman uses 8cm. CD-ROMs, each capable of storing some 200 megabytes of text, images and sound. This model is the DD-10EX.
Library of the future, volume 5.
This is one of around 350 Electronic Books playable on the Sony Data Discman (No. 21). With MultiPlay software and adaptor, Electronic Books can also be played on any PC with Windows software and a multi-session CD-ROM drive.
Over 2 million copies of this book have been sold worldwide.
A development of the highly visual reference book (no. 23), this is one of a series of Dorling Kindersley CD-ROM publications, one of which is also installed on the computer system nearby (no. 40).
National Gallery of Art.
One of the earliest electronic publications on art, this videodisc contains 1,645 images of paintings, drawings and prints from the National Gallery of Art Washington, plus two films about the museum.
American art from the National Gallery of Art.
10 years later, the National Gallery of Art continues to produce videodiscs based on its collections, distributing them to educational institutions throughout the United States.
Michelagniolo: self portrait.
Two videodiscs contain films about the life and works of Michelangelo, plus a still-frame catalogue of his art works.
This videodisc enables the user to see animations of Muybridge's motion study photographs, first published in the 1880s.
Into the twentieth century.
One of a series of videodiscs derived from the American TV series Art of the Western World, this example contains nearly an hour of film plus 624 still pictures.
Includes 597 still pictures of paintings by the artist, plus a film entitled Cézanne: the man and the mountain. Other painters in the Great Artists Series include Chagall, Degas, Manet, Miro, Tintoretto and Vermeer.