Various forms of "electronic publishing" - including videodiscs, "floppy books", CD-ROMs, and the Internet - have become increasingly evident in the 1980s and 1990s. Some electronic publications are based upon information which was previously available in a linear form, and they represent a natural progression from computer typesetting or video. Others have been conceived specifically to exploit the potential offered by the new media. The method of presentation is crucial to the success (or otherwise) of these publications, and designers and publishers are still learning to use the new technology.



Renaissance masters 1.
Union City: Ebook, 1992.
CD-ROM, Microsoft Windows format.

One of a series entitled The electronic library of art, this CD-ROM includes images, text and sound, plus biographical information about the artists.



Microsoft Art Gallery.
Microsoft, 1993.
CD-ROM, Macintosh format.

This CD-ROM is based on the National Gallery's Micro Gallery and is also published in a Windows version, available for reference in the National Art Library.



Investigating 20th century art.
Oxford: ATTICA Cybernetics, 1994.
CD-ROM, Microsoft Windows format.

Over 150 works from the Tate Gallery are explored in some detail. The user can select individual works to hang in a "virtual" gallery.



Great artists.
Oxford: ATTICA Cybernetics and Marshall Cavendish, 1994.
CD-ROM, Microsoft Windows format.

This CD-ROM provides information on the life, times and works of 40 major European artists.

Comic book confidential

Comic book confidential



Ron Mann.
Comic book confidential.
Santa Monica: Voyager, 1994.
CD-ROM, Macintosh format.

Using historical footage, interviews and animation, this CD-ROM traces the development of comic book art.



Michael Crichton.
Jurassic Park.
Santa Monica: Voyager, 1991.
Floppy disk, Macintosh format.

Many novels are now available in electronic form, published on floppy disk, CD-ROM or the internet. This is one of a series of Voyager Expanded Books.



Lewis Carroll.
The complete annotated Alice.
Santa Monica: Voyager, 1991.
Floppy disk, Macintosh format.

This electronic publication contains the text and illustrations from Alice in Wonderland and Through the looking glass, with annotations by Martin Gardner.


The complete hitch hiker's guide to the galaxy

The complete hitch hiker's guide to the galaxy


Douglas Adams.
The complete hitch hiker's guide to the galaxy.
Santa Monica: Voyager, 1991.
Floppy disk, Macintosh format.

"It's a sort of electronic book. It tells you everything you need to know about anything. That's its job." - Chapter 5.





Peter James.
Host: the electronic book.
[Harmondsworth]: Penguin, 1994.
Floppy disks, Macintosh format.

The first Penguin novel to be published with accompanying floppy disks, this electronic edition includes additional documentation and a video of the author introducing his work.


Sony Data Discman

Sony Data Discman


Sony Data Discman.
Sony, © 1992.

The Data Discman uses 8cm. CD-ROMs, each capable of storing some 200 megabytes of text, images and sound. This model is the DD-10EX.




Library of the future

Library of the future



Library of the future, volume 5.
Garden Grove, Ca.: World Library, 1993.
CD-ROM, Electronic Book format.

This is one of around 350 Electronic Books playable on the Sony Data Discman (No. 21). With MultiPlay software and adaptor, Electronic Books can also be played on any PC with Windows software and a multi-session CD-ROM drive.




David Macaulay.
The way things work.
London: Dorling Kindersley, 1988.

Over 2 million copies of this book have been sold worldwide.



David Macaulay.
The way things work.
London: Dorling Kindersley, 1994.
CD-ROM, Microsoft Windows format.

A development of the highly visual reference book (no. 23), this is one of a series of Dorling Kindersley CD-ROM publications, one of which is also installed on the computer system nearby (no. 40).



National Gallery of Art.
New York: Videodisc Publishing, 1983.
Videodisc, for Macintosh computer.

One of the earliest electronic publications on art, this videodisc contains 1,645 images of paintings, drawings and prints from the National Gallery of Art Washington, plus two films about the museum.



American art from the National Gallery of Art.
Washington, D.C.: the Gallery, 1993.
Videodisc, for Macintosh computer.

10 years later, the National Gallery of Art continues to produce videodiscs based on its collections, distributing them to educational institutions throughout the United States.



Michelagniolo: self portrait.
Santa Monica: Voyager, 1990.

Two videodiscs contain films about the life and works of Michelangelo, plus a still-frame catalogue of his art works.


Edweard Muybridge: motion studies

Edweard Muybridge: motion studies


James Sheldon.
Edweard Muybridge: motion studies.
Santa Monica: Voyager, 1990.
Videodisc, for Macintosh computer.

This videodisc enables the user to see animations of Muybridge's motion study photographs, first published in the 1880s.



Into the twentieth century.
New York: Videodisc Publishing, 1993?
Videodisc, for Macintosh computer.

One of a series of videodiscs derived from the American TV series Art of the Western World, this example contains nearly an hour of film plus 624 still pictures.



Long Beach, Calif.: Pioneer Special Interests, 1990.
Videodisc, for Macintosh computer.

Includes 597 still pictures of paintings by the artist, plus a film entitled Cézanne: the man and the mountain. Other painters in the Great Artists Series include Chagall, Degas, Manet, Miro, Tintoretto and Vermeer.