The 17th century was a period of great turbulence in British history and this was reflected in art and design. The period began with the ending of the Tudor dynasty and the rise of the Stuarts. In the middle of the century, the Civil War and execution of Charles I saw Puritanism take hold. After Charles II's restoration to the throne in 1660, a new period of decadence began.
17th-Century Design Styles
The 17th century is famous for its rich design styles. The Jacobean period saw luxurious and exotic materials brought to Britain for the first time. The Restoration was a time of great artistic opulence and flamboyance. Meanwhile the Baroque style brought European luxury to British design.
'Neptune and Triton' by Gianlorenzo Bernini
Created by Gianlorenzo (Giovanni Lorenzo) Bernini in 1622–3, this sculpture depicts the life-size figure of Neptune, who wields his trident in a firm gesture of command, astride the sea-god Triton, who blows on his conch shell to the four corners of the world.