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Josephus Laurentius Dyckmans, detail from 'Grandmother's Birthday; La Fête de la Grandmère', Oil painting, 1867, Museum no. 1-1871

Victorian

During the Victorian age, when Queen Victoria was on the throne from 1837 to 1901, Britain was the most powerful nation in the world, undergoing an industrial revolution, social reform and advances in science, technology and culture. In 1851 the Great Exhibition, housed in the Crystal Palace, had an enormous impact on the development of art and design throughout the Victorian age and led to the founding of the Victoria and Albert Museum.