Collections and GalleriesThe V&A has significant Russian collections of metalwork, jewellery and theatre and performance related objects. Russian furniture, textiles, glass, sculpture and paintings are also present in the V&A collections.
Russian objects can be seen in the V&A galleries, including the superb silver-gilt gates from Kiev (now Kyiv, Ukraine), given under Russian patronage from Catherine the Great to the monks of the Orthodox Church. The V&A galleries show good examples of mosaics, secular and religious silver, gold boxes, and jewellery from the Russian royal collections. The William and Judith Bollinger Jewellery Gallery displays many Fabergé pieces, including the Seeds imperial presentation box, and a loan collection of cigarette cases and carved animals formed by the late Kenneth Snowman, including items owned by Queen Alexandra. The galleries also show Russian toys, Revolutionary ceramics and traditional 19th century jewellery. A Golovin-designed costume for Chaliapin in Mussorgsky’s Boris Godunov is on display in the Theatre & Performance galleries.
The Europe 1600-1800 Galleries, opening in 2015, features a bust of Catherine the Great by the pre-eminent Russian Neoclassical sculptor, Fedot Ivanovich Shubin (1740-1805), né Shubnoi. The display includes a portrait of Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia and several objects produced at the Imperial Arms Factory in Tula, including a spectacular and unique steel and gold fireplace probably given in around 1805 by the Russian intellectual Princess Dashkova (1743-1810) to Martha Wilmot of Cork in southern Ireland. The galleries also show a specially-created, three-minute film based on Catherine the Great's use of the Neoclassical style that will focus on the Agate Rooms at Tsarskoye Selo, Catherine’s summer estate and palace, shortly after their conservation. The Hermitage has supported the film.
At the V&A
- Magnificence of the Tsars: Ceremonial Men's Dress of the Russian Imperial Court, 1721-1917 (December 2008 – March 2009): This exhibition was shown at the V&A from December 2008 to March 2009 as part of an exchange with the Moscow Kremlin Museum (see page 3).
- Diaghilev and the Golden Age of the Ballets Russes, 1909-1929 (2010): This exhibition explored the world of the influential artistic director Sergei Diaghilev and the most exciting dance company of the 20th Century.
- Space and Light (September 2010 – March 2011): The exhibition focused on Edward Gordon Craig's work with Stanislavski for the Moscow Arts Theatre’s Hamlet of 1911.
- The Treasures of the Royal Courts: Tudors, Stuarts and the Russian Tsars (March 2013 – July 2013): This exhibition at the V&A marked the 400 year anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. It was created in collaboration with the Moscow Kremlin Museums, where it was first exhibited as The Golden Age of the English Court, from Henry VIII to Charles I (October 2012 – January 2013) and attracted over 140,000 visitors. The London show included a substantial loan of late Tudor, early Stuart and French 17th century silver from the Moscow Kremlin Museums and portraits of Tsars and a Russian Ambassador to England from the Moscow Kremlin Museums and the State Historic Museum. The V&A exhibition received over 76, 000 visitors.
- Russian Avant-Garde Theatre: War Revolution and Design 1913-1931 (October 2014 – March 2015): Presented in the V&A Theatre and Performance galleries, the display was curated in collaboration with the A.A. Bakhrushin State Central Theatre Museum in Moscow. It was supported by the Russian Ministry of Culture.
Most recently, as part of the 2014 Bilateral UK/Russia Year of Culture, the V&A toured four exhibitions to Russia:
- The Jameel Prize 3 (May – November 2014): An exhibition of works by finalists of the Jameel Prize, the award for contemporary art and design inspired by Islamic tradition. The exhibition was shown at the Hermitage Kazan Museum in Kazan (the Republic of Tartastan) and at Moscow’s State Exhibition Hall, the ‘New Manege’, where it attracted over 18,500 visitors.
- Shooting Shakespeare (October 2014 – January 2015): The exhibition celebrated the 450th anniversary of Shakespeare’s birth in autumn 2014 at the Bakhrushin State Theatre Museum in Moscow.
- The Half: Photographs of Actors by Simon Annand (October 2014 – January 2015): The exhibition toured to the Bakhrushin State Theatre Museum in Moscow.
- Julia Margaret Cameron (November 2014 – February 2015): The exhibition at the Multimedia Art Museum in Moscow attracted 136,000 visitors. Drawn entirely from the V&A’s rich collection of Cameron photographs, this exhibition celebrated the bicentenary of Julia Margaret Cameron’s birth.
Other exhibitions curated by the V&A that have toured to Russia in the past include the following:
- Two Centuries of British Fashion (September – November 2008): This exhibition was shown at the Moscow Kremlin Museums and attracted 70,000 visitors. It preceded a major return loan of 18th century costume for Magnificence of the Tsars: Ceremonial Men's Dress of the Russian Imperial Court, 1721-1917 exhibition, shown at the V&A from December 2008 to March 2009.
- Decode: Digital Design Sensations (February – April 2011): The V&A exhibition of the latest developments in digital and interactive design was shown at the Garage Centre for Contemporary Culture in Moscow and received over 61,600 visitors.
The V&A has lent many items from its collections to Russian institutions, including jewellery to the Moscow Kremlin Museums for Russian Emperors and the Armoury Chamber (Spring 2006), items designed by Picasso for ‘The Blue Train’ ballet for Sergei Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes at the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow (October 2009- January 2010), Man Ray portraits to the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow for a touring exhibition by the National Portrait Gallery, London (October 2013 – January 2014), Indian jewellery and paintings to the Moscow Kremlin Museums for Indian Jewellery (April – July 2014), and for the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts’ British Design exhibition (October – November 2014).
Of particular note is a large loan of 70 objects, which was sent to the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts for display between September 2014 and November 2014 as the part of the Aubrey Beardsley: Oscar Wilde and their Russian Admirers and Followers exhibition.
In previous years, the V&A has also received loans from Russia:
A large loan of over 100 objects was received from The State Hermitage, St Petersburg, for The Genius of Wedgwood (September 1995).
The Tretyakov Gallery and Shchusev State Museum of Architecture lent key objects to the V&A exhibitions Modernism: Designing a New World. 1918-1938 (April-July 2006) and Cold War Modern: Design 1945-1970 (September 2008-January 2009).
Learning and Audience Engagement
In 2014, the V&A Learning Department planned a number of events, courses and workshops related to the Russian Avant-Garde Theatre: War, Revolution, and Design 1913-1931 display.
- A study-day for adults on the subject of Fabergé eggs was held on 29 November 2014.
- Pop-up dance performances and workshops devoted to the Nutcracker ballet were shown at the Museum from 27 December 2014 – 4 January 2015.
- Alongside the display Russian Avant-Garde Theatre: War, Revolution, and Design, the V&A hosted a symposium on 24 January 2015. The symposium examined the collaborations between experimental artists, performers and directors and their impact and legacy on the visual arts, design and performance today. Speakers included John Bowlt, Natalia Murray, Jane Pritchard, Greer Crawley, Elena Sudakova, and curators from the Bakhrushin Museum, Moscow.
- The family event The Imaginary Station took place from 27 December 2014 – 4 January 2015, exploring the magical and surreal world of turn-of-the-century Russian theatrical design.
- Art and Drama students from Wren Academy produced a performance, ‘Lampson Unlocked: ‘Fear God! Fear Nought!’, on 5 December 2014 in collaboration with the National Archives and the V&A. The project was inspired by the War Cabinet entries of Colonel Oliver Locker-Lampson, who was in charge of the armoured car division of the British army and was embroiled in the first Russian Revolution.
- A fruitful relationship of exhibition exchanges and co-curated projects has developed between the V&A and the Moscow Kremlin Museums, resulting in touring V&A exhibitions to the Moscow Kremlin Museums (Two Centuries of British Fashion in 2008) and loans from the Moscow Kremlin Museums for exhibitions at the V&A (Magnificence of the Tsars in 2008/9 and The Treasures of the Royal Courts in 2013).
- The Museum has good connections with the Russian Museum and The State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg.
- The V&A collaborated with the Moscow Kremlin Museums and the English Court Museum, Moscow on the Anglo Russian Conference, Emerging Empires, England and Muscovy in the 16th and 17th Century, which was held at the V&A from 13 – 15 June 2013. The event was organized in association with the Society for Court Studies and supported by the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art.
- During the last two years the V&A established new connections with a number of foundations and institutions, including Stella Arts Foundation, Calvert 22 Foundation, GRAD gallery, ROSIZO, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, the Smolny Institute, the Moscow State University, Kazan Kremlin State Museum, the Bakhrushin Theatre Museum, the Mariinsky Theatre and the Electro Theatre Stanislavsky, and the “Perspective Ukraine” Foundation.
- In 2013 the V&A Director, Martin Roth, was invited to join the UK-Russia Year of Culture 2014 Organising Committee (UK side), chaired by Lord Speaker, The Rt Hon. the Baroness D’Souza CMG.
- Perm Opera House: In the context of the exhibition Diaghilev and the Golden Age of the Ballets Russes, 1909-1929, the V&A Theatre and Performance department was invited to advise British architectural practices competing for the rebuilding of Perm Opera House, in Diaghilev’s hometown.
- Film about Catherine the Great: Alicia Robinson, Senior Curator Sculpture, Metalwork, Ceramics & Glass, and Lucy Trench, Interpretation Editor, have been collaborating with Tsarskoye Selo (State Museum Preserve) on a film about Catherine the Great and Neoclassicism, which will be part of the new Europe 1600-1800 Galleries at the V&A. It involved an exploratory visit in April 2013 and four days of filming in September 2013, in St Petersburg and at Tsarskoye Selo.
- Russian Country Houses: In May 2014 Tessa Murdoch, Deputy Keeper of Sculpture, Metalwork, Ceramics & Glass, undertook a Likhachev Cultural Fellowship on the topic of “Life in the Russian Country House”. She presented a ‘Work in Progress’ seminar in the V&A Research Department in October 2014 and a public lecture, ‘Russian Country Houses’, which drew on the V&A’s collection of architectural designs and Russian decorative arts. This lunch-time lecture attracted a strong audience that included Russian and British architectural preservationists, Marcus Binney of SAVE EUROPE’S HERITAGE, Nuna Alekian from Moscow, journalists, Irina Kukota from the Russian Art Newspaper, and many Russian residents in London.
- Future Culture: As a part of 2014 UK/Russian Year of Culture in November 2015 the V&A, in collaboration with the Calvert 22 Foundation, hosted a half-day conference entitled Future Culture on the expanding role of technology in cultural production, experience, and exchange to explore the interplay between digital technology and culture. The speakers included Special representative of the President of the Russian Federation for international cooperation in culture, Ambassador-at-Large, Chief Digital Officer of the British Library, Program Manager of the Google Cultural Institute, Director of the Kremlin Museums, Director of Contemporary Art of the State Hermitage Museum, Director of Rosizo, etc.
The CDD Department (formerly VAE) was invited to present at the second Russian Museums Conference held at the Moscow Kremlin Museums, Moscow, in May 2010 to discuss the work of VAE, how it relates to the V&A, and seasonal buying. Four representatives from the Moscow Kremlin Museums, Moscow, participated in a visit to V&A Enterprises in September 2010 to continue discussions on working practices.
- Emma Volodarskaya, Tessa Murdoch, and Jane Roberts, Emerging Empires: England and Muscovy in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A collection of papers from the conference held at the V&A 14-15 June, 2013 (Moscow: Moscow Institute of Foreign Languages, 2015)
- Olga Dmitrieva and Tessa Murdoch, Treasures of the Royal Courts: Tudors, Stuarts and the Russian Tsars (V&A, 2013)
- Olga Dmitrieva and Tessa Murdoch, The Golden Age of the English Court: from Henry VIII to Charles I (Moscow, Moscow Kremlin Museum, 2012)
- Svetlana Amelekhina, Alexey Levykin, and Rosalind Polly Blakesley, Magnificence of the Tsars (V&A, 2010)
- Jane Pritchard, Diaghilev and the Golden Age of the Ballets Russes, 1909-1929 (V&A, 2010)
- Christopher Wilk, Modernism: Designing a New World 1914-1939 (V&A, 2008)
- David Crowley and Jane Pavitt, Cold War Modern: Design 1945-1970 (V&A Publishing, 2008)
- David Crowley, Posters of the Cold War (V&A, 2008)